Sad is the administrative, economic, cultural, scientific and touristic center of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina and the second largest city in Serbia.
Geographical coordinates: 45˚ 46` north latitude и 19˚ 20` east longitude
City area: 702.7 km2
Climate: humid continental
Geographically, Novi Sad is in a favorable position. It lies on important transit routes, which provides significant comparative assets.
The climate in Novi Sad crosses over from humid continental to continental. The city has all four seasons. During winter cold southeastern wind, which usually lasts for three to seven days, can create snowdrifts during heavy snowfalls and blizzards.
Air temperature average is 10.9°C. The average temperature in January is –1°C and 21.6°C in July. The average annual rainfall is 578 mm, with 122 days with rain or snow.
Population of Novi Sad
The largest portion of the population originates from Vojvodina (56.2%), followed by settlers from Bosnia and Herzegovina (15.3%), and from Serbia proper (11.7%).
According to the last census conducted in 2002, the city population was 299,294 (156,328 of them adults), the average age was 39.8 (38.3 for men and 41.2 for women). The number of households was 72,513, and the average household has 2.63 members.
The majority of the urban population are mainly Serbs (according to the 2002 census), and the statistics show that the numbers are on the rise: Serbian population (75.50 %), Hungarian population (5.24%), Yugoslavian population (3.17%), Slovakian population (2.41%), Montenegro population (1.68%), etc.
Novi Sad is one of the three largest cities in Serbia, and only an hour’s drive from Belgrade. Although it has never entered any competition for the most beautiful town in the country, if such a contest existed, it could easily win the Grand Prix. Novi Sad also owes its beauty and grace to its inhabitants who in this era of fast communications have preserved the tranquility of lowlanders and natural kindness. Under the Petrovaradin Rock, a little Pannonia hill of Mt. Fruska Gora, a young town on the Danube was born – Novi Sad, in existence for a little bit over 300 years. First references to it date from 1694, two years after the construction of Austria’s Petrovaradin Fortress had begun. There, at the ”Gibraltar of the Danube”, on the 1,255th kilometer of this river, the medieval Hapsburg monarchy had risen from the ashes by building this Fortress, after the Turkish siege of Vienna in 1683 had been fought off. In the place where the three rivers meet – the Danube, the Tisa, and the Sava, and so do three civilizations – those of Christian East and of Christian West and of Islam, many ethnic and religious communities found shelter and sanctuary. The place saw the Gepids, Huns, Avars, Slavs, Germanic peoples, Magyars, Byzantines, Turks… On the Petrovaradin Rock, Romans had erected a fortress, which was later rebuilt by the Hungarians and kept by the Turks. After the Turks had been expelled at the end of the 17th century, the Austrians built a bridgehead facing the fortress, on the left, marshy bank of the Danube, around which a settlement of soldiers, merchants, and tradesmen developed. In the beginning, the settlement was named Racko Selo (’Serbian Village’), and later Petrovaradinski Sanac (’Petrovaradin Trench’). As the town grew, after the wars had ended in early 18th century, the townspeople, eager to get their freedom, succeeded in gaining the status of a FREE ROYAL CITY, after paying a buy-off amount of 80,000 Forint; the status was granted by Empress Maria Theresa, and the name acquired was, in Serbian version, NOVI SAD. The date was February 1, 1748.
Museums & Galleries
- The Novi Sad City Museum
- The Museum of Vojvodina
- The Museum of Contemporary Art of Vojvodina
- The Gallery of Matica Srpska
- Crusifix in the Saint George’s Orthodox Cathedral churchyard
- The stone figure of Sergii Radonezhsky
- The statue of Jasa Tomic
- The monument on Vezirac hill
- The bust of Azerbaijani composer Uzeyir Hajibeyli
- The figure of Nadezda Petrovic
- The bust of Platon Atanackovic
- The bust of Miroslav Antic
- The bust of Branko Radicevic
- Sculpture “Deer Fighting”
Parks & Beaches
Among the many tourist attractions we would like to single out:
THE DANUBE is one of the distinguishing features of Novi Sad from the aspect of tourism, especially the famous ‘corso’ the “Belgrade Quay”, as well as numerous beaches along the shore, especially the most beautiful and well maintained “Shtrand” («Strand») which stretches on a 10ha surface with all the supplemental content.
The riverside, is also a significant habitat for birds, some of which like the Kovil-Petrovaradin («Коviljsko-petrovaradinski») Isle, are special nature reserves, and are of international significance.
THE PETROVARADIN FORTRESS – Covering an area of 122ha, built in the 17th and 18th century, it represents a cultural-historical monument. Located within the fortress are the Museum of the City of Novi Sad, the Academy of the Arts, the Observatory as well as the Archives of the City, also it is at this very place, traditionally, in the month of July, that the EXIT Music Festival takes place, proclaimed to be the best in Europe.
THE NOVI SAD FAIR – Founded in 1923, it covers an area of 22,6ha and draws 1 200 000 people, yearly. The biggest and most visited event is the “International Agriculture Fair” with about 2000 exhibitors from Serbia and abroad. The Novi Sad Fair organizes 20 fairs and exhibitions, and 400 events in the “Master” Congress Center, yearly.
THE OLD CITY CORE – The architecture of the city represents a mixture of several different styles. The oldest house “At the White Lion” was built in long ago 1740. The city streets boast several beautiful palaces from the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century: “Tanurdzićeva”, “Menratova”, “Vatikan”, “Klajnova”, etc. as well as sacral architecture belonging to different confessions.
FRUSKA GORA and the MONASTERIES – Fruska Gora with its national park of about 25.000ha, where 17 Orthodox monasteries can be found (founded in the period from the 15th to 18th century as pious endowments of Serbian despots), with forested areas, rare plant and wildlife, nature reserves, numerous lakes (14 in total), mountain trails (about 800km of mаrked paths), complete with mountaineers homes and a hotel, is located partly in the Novi Sad district and represents one of the tourist destinations with the most content in the out lazing areas of the Danube.
‘SALASHI ‘ – The “Salashi” with their authentic appearance remind us of past, romantic times, of rural hamlets of the Panonia. Today they are keepers of time and a traditional way of life, and as such are attract the attention of tourists. Salash hamlets in the territory of Novi Sad are situated on “Cheney” («Cenej»), in Veternik, “Begech” («Begec») and “Katchki atar” («Kacki atar»).
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